The Pantheon in Rome is an amazing sight to see, and one of TravAddict's top pick's for one of the most amazing architectural sights in the world. The Pantheon was originally built in 27BC. It took 7 years to build and it is the only fully in tact, still in use building from Ancient Roman times. It was built as a dedication to all Gods, and when Rome became a Christian society they re-dedicated it to all saints, on the 1st of Nov, which is now celebrated by Christians as All Saints Day. The writing on the front of the building means ‘Markus Agrippa, son of Lucius, consul for the 3rd time built this’. Agrippa was Augustus Caesar’s architect. On the front you will also see that the pillars look warn and there are holes on the facade. This is not damage; this is from the lead pins that used to hold the marble on the walls. This entire building was once covered in marble, and on the inside the square indents in the roof were once filled with gold and bronze. This building, like most buildings in Rome, was pillaged by the Catholic Church to build the Vatican. So much of what you see in the Vatican was once a part of a building from Ancient Rome. The dome of the Pantheon is a huge architectural feat for its time, and no one else was able to build a dome this size until 1400 years later. When you go inside you will see that there is a hole at the top of the dome, and there are no windows. The Romans often did not use windows since they had no glass for security, so they would usually build sun roofs. When it rains the water comes through the roof and runs into little holes that you will see in the floor. There are two famous people buried in the Pantheon. Rafael (the artist), and Victor Emmanuel 11 (the first king of unified Italy).
So, if you plan on taking a trip to Rome this summer, make sure you dedicate plenty of time to enjoy the wonders of the Pantheon!