One of the best tours to South America involves Bolivia’s salt flats. Bolivia is located right in the heart of South America, sandwiched between countries such as Peru, Argentina, Brazil, and Paraguay. Near the crest of the Andes Mountains, you will find Salar de Uyuni, the largest salt flat in the world. The size of the salt flat is monstrous, spanning more than 10,500 square kilometers. For those unfamiliar with salt flats, they are simply salt deposits that were left behind when large bodies of salt water evaporated. Think about what would happen if portions of the Atlantic Ocean were to evaporate off the coast of the U.S. This is precisely what happened in Bolivia nearly 30,000 years ago that led to the formation of Salar de Uyuni, only on a smaller scale with Lake Minchi.
Salar de Uyuni is not only a spectacular sight, but it also serves many economic interests for people in Bolivia and around the world. At the salt flats, one can find enormous deposits of sodium, magnesium, borax, lithium, and potassium. Lithium is the most important and useful of the bunch here as more than 40 percent of the world’s lithium supply can be found in these salt flats. One American company has spent nearly 150 million dollars on lithium mining projects at Salar de Uyuni.
As a tourist destination, Salar de Uyuni is one of the most popular locations to visit in Bolivia. Many of the hotels there are actually built from the salt found in the flats. Many people are interested to discover that the building they stay in during their visit contains pieces of the attraction they are here to see. The buildings are clean and well-kept away from the actual flats, but they are close enough for easy access.
For the adventurous travelers out there, salt flat tours at Salar de Uyuni may be just right for people of that personality. This is an exciting expedition that will be remembered forever. You may try going in the winter when traveling on the flats is more widely available. A trip to the flats in the summer is great in its own right since you will be able to see the reflections from the glare of the sun that people rave about. Take a visit to Bolivia’s salt flats and experience a unique, stunning and beautiful geographic landscape.